INVESTIGATION THE IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON PRODUCTIVITY OF COTTON: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM COTTON ZONE
Shahbaz Bhatti, Kamran Javed, Sarfraz Hassan, Khalid Mushtaq, Khalid Bashir
Climate is one of the venerable factors of environment. Climate of Punjab is changing over-time due to the global warming, increasing temperature, melting of glaciers and changes in the rainfall pattern. Cotton crop is very sensitive and risky to climate and intensive inputs and huge investment is required for the production of cotton. The aim of the research is to investigate the impact of climate change on the productivity of cotton. The Secondary data of cotton zone (Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar, Multan and Rahim Yar Khan) was collected from meteorological departments. ARIMA model was used for forecasting whereas regression analysis was used for impact analysis. Evolving and disseminating cotton varieties having adaptation to climate change should be the focus of future research and development. Improving the practices of farm management, developing awareness among farmers about climate change and strengthening extension department are some measures to be taken for adaptation to climate change in the cotton zone.
Climate, Cotton, Rainfall, Temperature, Humidity